Changes between Version 1 and Version 2 of TracInterfaceCustomization


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Timestamp:
Jul 23, 2018, 10:51:51 AM (15 months ago)
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trac
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  • TracInterfaceCustomization

    v1 v2  
    1 = Customizing the Trac Interface =
     1= Customizing the Trac Interface
    22[[TracGuideToc]]
     3[[PageOutline(2-5,Contents,pullout)]]
    34
    4 == Introduction ==
    5 This page is meant to give users suggestions on how they can customize the look of Trac.  Topics on this page cover editing the HTML templates and CSS files, but not the program code itself.  The topics are intended to show users how they can modify the look of Trac to meet their specific needs.  Suggestions for changes to Trac's interface applicable to all users should be filed as tickets, not listed on this page.
     5This page gives suggestions on how to customize the look of Trac. Topics include editing the HTML templates and CSS files, but not the program code itself. The topics show users how they can modify the look of Trac to meet their specific needs. Suggestions for changes to Trac's interface applicable to all users should be filed as tickets, not listed on this page.
    66
    7 == Project Logo and Icon ==
    8 The easiest parts of the Trac interface to customize are the logo and the site icon.  Both of these can be configured with settings in [wiki:TracIni trac.ini].
     7== Project Logo and Icon
     8The easiest parts of the Trac interface to customize are the logo and the site icon. Both of these can be configured with settings in [wiki:TracIni trac.ini].
    99
    10 The logo or icon image should be put in a folder named "htdocs" in your project's environment folder.  (''Note: in projects created with a Trac version prior to 0.9 you will need to create this folder'')
     10The logo or icon image should be put in a folder named "htdocs" in your project's environment folder. ''Note: in projects created with a Trac version prior to 0.9 you will need to create this folder''.
    1111
    12  ''Note: you can actually put the logo and icon anywhere on your server (as long as it's accessible through the web server), and use their absolute or server-relative URLs in the configuration.''
     12'''Note''': you can actually put the logo and icon anywhere on your server (as long as it's accessible through the web server), and use their absolute or server-relative URLs in the configuration.
    1313
    1414Now configure the appropriate section of your [wiki:TracIni trac.ini]:
    1515
    16 === Logo ===
    17 Change the `src` setting to `site/` followed by the name of your image file.  The `width` and `height` settings should be modified to match your image's dimensions (the Trac chrome handler uses "`site/`" for files within the project directory `htdocs` and "`common/`" for the common ones).
     16=== Logo
     17Change the `src` setting to `site/` followed by the name of your image file. The `width` and `height` settings should be modified to match your image's dimensions. The Trac chrome handler uses `site/` for files within the project directory `htdocs`, and `common/` for the common `htdocs` directory belonging to a Trac installation. Note that 'site/' is not a placeholder for your project name, it is the literal prefix that should be used. For example, if your project is named 'sandbox', and the image file is 'red_logo.gif' then the 'src' setting would be 'site/red_logo.gif', not 'sandbox/red_logo.gif'.
    1818
    19 {{{
     19{{{#!ini
    2020[header_logo]
    2121src = site/my_logo.gif
     
    2525}}}
    2626
    27 === Icon ===
    28 Icons should be a 16x16 image in `.gif` or `.ico` format.  Change the `icon` setting to `site/` followed by the name of your icon file.  Icons will typically be displayed by your web browser next to the site's URL and in the `Bookmarks` menu.
     27=== Icon
     28Icons are small images displayed by your web browser next to the site's URL and in the `Bookmarks` menu. Icons should be a 32x32 image in `.gif` or `.ico` format. Change the `icon` setting to `site/` followed by the name of your icon file:
    2929
    30 {{{
     30{{{#!ini
    3131[project]
    3232icon = site/my_icon.ico
    3333}}}
    3434
    35 Note though that this icon is ignored by Internet Explorer, which only accepts a file named ``favicon.ico`` at the root of the host. To make the project icon work in both IE and other browsers, you can store the icon in the document root of the host, and reference it from ``trac.ini`` as follows:
     35== Custom Navigation Entries
     36The new [mainnav] and [metanav] can now be used to customize the text and link used for the navigation items, or even to disable them, but not for adding new ones.
    3637
    37 {{{
    38 [project]
    39 icon = /favicon.ico
    40 }}}
    41 
    42 == Custom Navigation Entries ==
    43 The new [mainnav] and [metanav] can now be used to customize the text and link used for the navigation items, or even to disable them (but not for adding new ones).
    44 
    45 In the following example, we rename the link to the Wiki start "Home", and hide the "Help/Guide". We also make the "View Tickets" entry link to a specific report .
    46 {{{
     38In the following example, we rename the link to the Wiki start "Home", and hide the "!Help/Guide". We also make the "View Tickets" entry link to a specific report:
     39{{{#!ini
    4740[mainnav]
    4841wiki.label = Home
     
    5548See also TracNavigation for a more detailed explanation of the mainnav and metanav terms.
    5649
    57 == Site Appearance ==
     50== Site Appearance #SiteAppearance
    5851
    59 Trac is using [http://genshi.edgewall.org Genshi] as the templating engine. Documentation is yet to be written, in the meantime the following tip should work.
     52Trac is using [http://genshi.edgewall.org Genshi] as the templating engine. Say you want to add a link to a custom stylesheet, and then your own header and footer. Save the following content as `site.html` inside your projects `templates/` directory (each Trac project can have their own `site.html`), eg `/path/to/env/templates/site.html`:
    6053
    61 Say you want to add a link to a custom stylesheet, and then your own
    62 header and footer.  Create a file {{{/path/to/env/templates/site.html}}} or {{{/path/to/inherit/option/templates_dir/site.html}}}, with contents like this:
    63 
    64 {{{
    65 #!xml
     54{{{#!xml
    6655<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
    6756      xmlns:py="http://genshi.edgewall.org/"
     
    7160  <head py:match="head" py:attrs="select('@*')">
    7261    ${select('*|comment()|text()')}
    73     <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"
    74           href="${href.chrome('site/style.css')}" />
     62    <link rel="stylesheet" href="${href.chrome('site/style.css')}" />
    7563  </head>
    7664
     
    9078</html>
    9179}}}
    92 Note that this references your environment's `htdocs/style.css`.
    9380
    94 Example snippet of adding introduction text to the new ticket form (hide when preview):
     81Notice that XSLT bears some similarities with Genshi templates. However, there are some Trac specific features, for example the `${href.chrome('site/style.css')}` attribute references `style.css` in the environment's `htdocs/` directory. In a similar fashion `${chrome.htdocs_location}` is used to specify the common `htdocs/` directory belonging to a Trac installation. That latter location can however be overriden using the [[TracIni#trac-section|[trac] htdocs_location]] configuration setting.
    9582
    96 {{{
    97 #!xml
     83`site.html` is one file to contain all your modifications. It usually works using the `py:match` directive (element or attribute), and it allows you to modify the page as it renders. The matches hook onto specific sections depending on what it tries to find and modify them.
     84See [http://groups.google.com/group/trac-users/browse_thread/thread/70487fb2c406c937/ this thread] for a detailed explanation of the above example `site.html`.
     85A `site.html` can contain any number of such `py:match` sections for whatever you need to modify. This is all Genshi, so the [http://genshi.edgewall.org/wiki/Documentation/xml-templates.html docs on the exact syntax] can be found there.
     86
     87Example snippet of adding introduction text to the new ticket form (but not shown during preview):
     88
     89{{{#!xml
    9890<form py:match="div[@id='content' and @class='ticket']/form" py:attrs="select('@*')">
    99   <py:if test="req.environ['PATH_INFO'] == '/newticket' and (not 'preview' in req.args)">
     91  <py:if test="req.path_info == '/newticket' and (not 'preview' in req.args)">
    10092    <p>Please make sure to search for existing tickets before reporting a new one!</p>
    10193  </py:if>
     
    10496}}}
    10597
    106 If the environment is upgraded from 0.10 and a `site_newticket.cs` file already exists, it can actually be loaded by using a workaroud - providing it contains no ClearSilver processing. In addition, as only one element can be imported, the content needs some sort of wrapper such as a `<div>` block or other similar parent container. The XInclude namespace must be specified to allow includes, but that can be moved to document root along with the others:
    107 {{{
    108 #!xml
    109 <form py:match="div[@id='content' and @class='ticket']/form" py:attrs="select('@*')"
    110         xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude">
    111   <py:if test="req.environ['PATH_INFO'] == '/newticket' and (not 'preview' in req.args)">
    112     <xi:include href="site_newticket.cs"><xi:fallback /></xi:include>
    113   </py:if>
    114   ${select('*')}
    115 </form>
    116 }}}
     98This example illustrates a technique of using `req.path_info` to limit scope of changes to one view only. For instance, to make changes in `site.html` only for timeline and avoid modifying other sections - use `req.path_info == '/timeline'` condition in `<py:if>` test.
    11799
    118 Also note that the `site.html` (despite its name) can be put in a common templates directory - see the `[inherit] templates_dir` option. This could provide easier maintainence (and a migration path from 0.10 for larger installations) as one new global `site.html` file can be made to include any existing header, footer and newticket snippets.
     100More examples snippets for `site.html` can be found at [trac:wiki:CookBook/SiteHtml CookBook/SiteHtml].
    119101
    120 == Project List ==
    121 You can use a custom Genshi template to display the list of projects if you are using Trac with multiple projects. 
     102Example snippets for `style.css` can be found at [trac:wiki:CookBook/SiteStyleCss CookBook/SiteStyleCss].
    122103
    123 The following is the basic template used by Trac to display a list of links to the projects.  For projects that could not be loaded it displays an error message. You can use this as a starting point for your own index template.
     104Note that the `site.html`, despite its name, can be put in a shared templates directory, see the [[TracIni#inherit-section|[inherit] templates_dir]] option. This could provide easier maintainence as one new global `site.html` file can be made to include any existing header, footer and newticket snippets.
    124105
    125 {{{
    126 #!text/html
     106== Project List #ProjectList
     107
     108You can use a custom Genshi template to display the list of projects if you are using Trac with multiple projects.
     109
     110The following is the basic template used by Trac to display a list of links to the projects. For projects that could not be loaded, it displays an error message. You can use this as a starting point for your own index template:
     111
     112{{{#!text/html
    127113<!DOCTYPE html
    128114    PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
     
    149135}}}
    150136
    151 Once you've created your custom template you will need to configure the webserver to tell Trac where the template is located (pls verify ... not yet changed to 0.11):
     137Once you've created your custom template you will need to configure the webserver to tell Trac where the template is located:
     138
     139For [wiki:TracModWSGI mod_wsgi]:
     140{{{#!python
     141os.environ['TRAC_ENV_INDEX_TEMPLATE'] = '/path/to/template.html'
     142}}}
    152143
    153144For [wiki:TracFastCgi FastCGI]:
    154 {{{
     145{{{#!apache
    155146FastCgiConfig -initial-env TRAC_ENV_PARENT_DIR=/parent/dir/of/projects \
    156147              -initial-env TRAC_ENV_INDEX_TEMPLATE=/path/to/template
     
    158149
    159150For [wiki:TracModPython mod_python]:
    160 {{{
     151{{{#!apache
     152PythonOption TracEnvParentDir /parent/dir/of/projects
    161153PythonOption TracEnvIndexTemplate /path/to/template
    162154}}}
    163155
    164156For [wiki:TracCgi CGI]:
    165 {{{
     157{{{#!apache
    166158SetEnv TRAC_ENV_INDEX_TEMPLATE /path/to/template
    167159}}}
    168160
    169161For [wiki:TracStandalone], you'll need to set up the `TRAC_ENV_INDEX_TEMPLATE` environment variable in the shell used to launch tracd:
    170  - Unix
    171    {{{
    172 #!sh
     162 - Unix:
     163   {{{#!sh
    173164$ export TRAC_ENV_INDEX_TEMPLATE=/path/to/template
    174165   }}}
    175  - Windows
    176    {{{
    177 #!sh
     166 - Windows:
     167   {{{#!sh
    178168$ set TRAC_ENV_INDEX_TEMPLATE=/path/to/template
    179169   }}}
    180170
     171== Project Templates
     172
     173The appearance of each individual Trac environment, ie instance of a project, can be customized independently of other projects, even those hosted on the same server. The recommended way is to use a `site.html` template whenever possible, see [#SiteAppearance]. Using `site.html` means changes are made to the original templates as they are rendered, and you should not normally need to redo modifications whenever Trac is upgraded. If you do make a copy of `theme.html` or any other Trac template, you need to migrate your modifiations to the newer version. If not, new Trac features or bug fixes may not work as expected.
     174
     175With that word of caution, any Trac template may be copied and customized. The default Trac templates are located inside the installed Trac egg, such as `/usr/lib/pythonVERSION/site-packages/Trac-VERSION.egg/trac/templates, ../trac/ticket/templates, ../trac/wiki/templates`. The [#ProjectList] template file is called `index.html`, while the template responsible for main layout is called `theme.html`. Page assets such as images and CSS style sheets are located in the egg's `trac/htdocs` directory.
     176
     177However, do not edit templates or site resources inside the Trac egg. Reinstalling Trac overwrites your modifications. Instead use one of these alternatives:
     178 * For a modification to one project only, copy the template to project `templates` directory.
     179 * For a modification shared by several projects, copy the template to a shared location and have each project point to this location using the `[inherit] templates_dir` trac.ini option.
     180
     181Trac resolves requests for a template by first looking inside the project, then in any inherited templates location, and finally inside the Trac egg.
     182
     183Trac caches templates in memory by default to improve performance. To apply a template you need to restart the web server.
     184
    181185----
    182186See also TracGuide, TracIni